Gallbladder cancer

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One of the rarest types of cancer is gallbladder cancer. However, there are some people do not know what gallbladder cancer really is. Cancer patients don’t know the symptoms of cancer until such time that they lose strength and suffer from pain.

What is gallbladder cancer? Gallbladder cancer is one of the rarest types of cancer in the world. Many people do not know what a gallbladder cancer is. With the fact that gallbladder is a rare case of cancer, only some individuals have this kind of cancer. Gallbladder cancer is very common in South and Central America, Eastern and Central Europe, Northern India and Japan. Gallbladder cancer is also common in some ethnic groups like Hispanics, Indians and Native American. If gallbladder cancer is diagnosed earlier, it can be cured by removing the gallbladder together with the lymph nodes affected by the cancer cells. Frequently, the symptoms of gallbladder cancer include suffering from abdominal pain, vomiting and jaundice. Gallbladder cancerous cells spread throughout the other parts especially the liver. The occurrence of gallbladder cancer is growing in numbers in North Central India as well as China. Gallbladder cancer is a rare and deadly type of cancer that is still being studied and is related to building up of gallstones, which can lead to calcification of the gallbladder known as Porcelain gallbladder condition. Porcelain gallbladder is also a rare type of disease. Some people with this condition have a higher risk of having gallbladder cancer. If gallbladder cancer is found out, there is only 3% survival recovery from 5 years of survival according to studies.

Gallbladder cancer risk factors:

•             Gallbladder cancer is most common in women twice than men. The range of ages that gallbladder cancer is commonly adopted is from 50 to 60 years old.

•             The risk of gallbladder cancer is higher for those who are obese.

•             Initial carcinoma is associated to cholelithiasis and cholecystitis.

The signs and symptoms of gallbladder cancer include:

•             Steady and severe pain from the upper abdomen is the most common symptom of gallbladder cancer.

•             The weakness that an individual feels is another sign of having gallbladder cancer.

•             The loss of appetite is caused by gallbladder cancer.

•             Due to obstruction, vomiting and jaundice occurs.

•             High temperature is another symptom of having gallbladder cancer.

•             The urine becomes yellowish dark in color and stool becomes pale. Skin itchy is another sign of having gallbladder cancer.

The early symptoms are similar to having gallbladder inflammation due to the fact of having gallstones. Eventually, the latter symptoms are abdomen obstructions.

Gallbladder Cancer

Causes of gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is caused by the odd growth of cells in the gallbladder. Even if it is not yet known why such thing happens, it is your own lifestyle that can increase the risk of having gallbladder cancer. Smoking, unhealthy diet and obesity are factors that can increase the risk of developing gallbladder cancer. The inflammation of gallbladder is also one of the risk factors. Gallbladder cancer is likely to form for those individuals who have a history of gallstones or inflammation of the gallbladder. Family history on having diseases such as cholecystitis, gallbladder cancer or gallstones is considered to contribute to the risk of developing gallbladder cancer.

There are different types of gallbladder cancer that depend on the amount of affected cells. Around 80% of gallbladder cancer is adenocarcinomas, which means the starting point of gallbladder cancer is from the gland cells located in the gallbladder.

Possible gallbladder cancer patients must see a specialist on gallbladder cancer issues. The specialist will do several tests to determine if you have gallbladder cancer. In case you have it, they will do some special tests that can detect the stage of your gallbladder cancer. Here are some of the best ways to determine gallbladder cancer:

1. Ultrasound Scan. Ultrasound scans use sound waves to produce images of your gallbladder and some parts surrounding it. The doctor commonly asks for you not to eat foods within six hours before the scan. Once you lie down on the bed, a gel is spread on your abdomen. The sound wave device is rubbed on the gelled area. The device now produces images in the computer.

2. CT Scan (Computerized Tomography). CT Scans take series of X-ray that produces 3 dimensional images of your inside body. The CT scan uses minimal amount of radiation that cannot harm anybody. The patient will be requested not to eat any food or liquid before the scan. For a clearer image, you might be asked to drink a certain liquid to emphasize a particular part.

3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan. This kind of analysis is similar to a CT scan, but differs on the device used. Instead of X-rays, MRI uses magnetism. Removal of any metal pieces is vital before MRI scan is done. Injection of dye might come up to have a clearer vision. Patient lies down on a long couch and put inside the tube. He might feel a bit uncomfortable because some individuals are claustrophobic.

4. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatography (ERCP). This test can produce an X-ray image of your bile duct or pancreatic duct. This can also unblock the duct if necessary.

5. Angiogram. This test is for blood vessels. This kind of test can determine if the blood vessels are affected by gallbladder cancer cells.

6. Laparoscopy. It is a small operation that allows the specialist to take a look at your liver, gallbladder and other parts around the gallbladder.

Gallbladder Cancer Treatments:

•             Chemotherapy. It is the common way to treat cancer cells. It is the way to destroy cancer cells in your body. Engaging into chemotherapy is recommended if there are still some cancer cells in your body after the surgery.

•             Surgery. Surgery is a vital treatment on gallbladder cancer. If you are in the early stage of gallbladder cancer, your gallbladder will be removed through laparotomy or cholecystectomy.

•             Radiotherapy. This treatment uses high energy X-rays for destroying cancer cells.

•             Stent Insertion. If the gallbladder cancer is caused by the blockage of the bile duct, the doctor will insert a stent (tube) during the ERCP.